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英语六级段落翻译模拟汇总(二)

日期:2016-04-19作者:明仕亚洲资料网阅读次数:68次
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段落翻译模拟

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  西部支教(volunteering to teach in the west)对于促进当地教育和经济发展有着重要意义。大学生到西部支教,对农村的孩子不仅仅进行书本知识的教学,更重要的是通过组织安排一些活动,寓教于乐,希望对他们未来的学习和生活有所启发和引导,并激发他们学习的动力和对外面发达城市的向往,促使他们进步。此外,大学生也会把新的观念和思想带到农村去。去西部支教还能培养当代大学生的社会责任感和社会公益心,在一定程度上,也缓解了西部地区教师短缺的压力。

  参考翻译

  Volunteering to teach in the west is significant for the improvement of local education and the economic development.The college students who volunteer to teach in the west not only impart academic knowledge to children in rural areas,but more importantly,through a number of activities to combine teaching and entertainment,they hope to provide inspiration and guidance for the children about their future study and life.They also want to motivate the children in rural areas to study,evoke their desire for going to developed cities outside and help them make progress.In addition,the college students will bring new ideas and thoughts to the countryside.Volunteering to teach in the west can also help college students develop a sense of social responsibility and contributing to public benefit.To a certain extent,it also eases the shortage of teachers in the western regions.

  翻译讲解

  1.大学生:可译为college students,也可译为undergraduates.

  2.通过组织安排一些活动,寓教于乐:合并译为through a number of activities to combine teaching and entertainment.

  3.激发他们对…的向往:可译为evoke their desire for…

  4.社会公益心:可译为a sense of social welfare.

  5.在一定程度上:可译为to a certain extent或up to a point.


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  偶像崇拜(idol worship)问题,是人们成长过程中的热门话题。处于人生蜕变期的青少年,身心急速发展往往会造成适应上的困难和情绪上的失衡,此时若能有良好的楷模作为效仿的对象,再加上家长的正确引导,有助于青少年的成长与发展。人生是一个不断模仿、学习与创新的历程。孩子在成长的过程中,需要家长的引导与友伴的激励。偶像崇拜的正确引导,有助于良好行为的塑造,了解它、接受它并应用它,才是积极之道。

  翻译

  Idol worship is a hot topic during the growth of a person.In the changing period of juveniles' life,rapid development of body and psychology often leads to difficulty in adaption and imbalance in emotion.In this period,a good example to follow and parents'proper guidance are helpful for juveniles'growth and development.Life is a process of constant imitation,learning and innovation.During the process of growth,juveniles need parents'guidance and friends'encouragement.Guided properly,idol worship is helpful in shaping good behaviors.For idol worship,knowing it,accepting it and applying it is a positive way.

  翻译讲解

  1.热门话题:可译为hot topic,也可译为hot issue.

  2.青少年:可译为juveniles.也常用teenagers,指13岁到19岁的年轻人。

  3.适应上的困难和情绪上的失衡:可译difficulty in adaption and imbalance in emotion.

  4.在成长的过程中:可译为During the process of growth.

  5.正确引导:可译为(be) guided properly,即“恰当地引导”。


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  为何廉价零售如此蓬勃

  Business

  商业报道

  Mercadona

  梅尔卡多纳

  Spanish aisles

  西班牙走廊

  Why a low-price retailer is thriving

  为何廉价零售如此蓬勃

  FEW domestic firms are prospering in crisis-racked Spain, but Mercadona is.

  在经历经济危机的创伤之后,西班牙很少有几家国内企业能够恢复兴旺发展,然而梅尔卡多纳除外。

  Spain's largest supermarket by sales has enjoyed double-digit growth for most of the pastdecade.

  过去十年中,西班牙最大的销售型超市在大部分时间呈两位数增长。

  When Juan Roig, the chairman, took over in 1981, Mercadona had only eight shops, all in Valencia.

  1981年,胡安.罗伊上任主席,任职之初,梅尔卡多纳仅有8间店铺,并且全部都在巴伦西亚。

  Today it has 1,310 and annual sales of 16.5 billion $23.8 billion.

  而今,它有1310家连锁店,年销售额达到165亿欧元合238亿美金。

  Spain's economic troubles seem to have made it stronger.

  西班牙的经济问题似乎反而让它变的更为强大。

  Profits dipped in 2009, but surged again by 47% in 2010 after some forceful cost-cutting.

  2009年,经济效益下滑,但是在2010年完成了一些强有力的成本削减后,又激增了47%。

  Mercadona's strength is low prices.

  梅尔卡多纳的优势在低价。

  The family-owned chain does not fritter away cash on advertising.

  家族式连锁不会在广告费用上造成任何浪费。

  It mercilessly squeezes the suppliers of its own-brand products.

  它不遗余力地要求供应商做自己的品牌的产品。

  These suppliers, of which there are about 100, put up with Mercadona's squeezing because they have a long-term relationship with the company and have grown with it.

  而将近100家的供应商为了与这家公司长期合作,也为了得到长远的发展,不得不接受受梅尔卡多纳的要求。

  Since 2009 Mercadona has shaved 2.2 billion of costs from its products, often with simple adjustments such as reducing packaging.

  自2009年以来,梅尔卡多纳利用自有品牌削减了22亿欧元的成本,并且不时地做些简单的调整,如减少包装成本等措施。

  Tight relationships with its suppliers foster innovation.

  与供应商的无间合作促使革新。

  For example, sticking a plastic lid on a large tin of tuna made it easier to open and increased its sales by 60% in 2010.

  比如说,2010年的时候,在一大罐金枪鱼罐头上使用塑料盖子可以使之更容易开启,从而让这个产品的销售量增加了60%。

  Even so, Mercadona does not skimp on technology or logistics.

  即便如此,梅尔卡多纳在技术或者后勤方面绝不偷工减料。

  It was the first retailer in Spain to use bar-code scanners.

  它是西班牙第一家使用条形码扫描器的零售店。

  And it owns a fully automated logistics warehouse just outside Madrid.

  并且就在马德里附近,它有一个全自动化管理的后勤仓库。

  Robot arms stack goods in crates like a game of Tetris.

  机械臂把货物像叠俄罗斯方块一样垒起来。

  Mercadona is unique in several ways, says Zeynep Ton of Harvard University, who wrote a case study on the chain.

  梅尔卡多纳在很多方面都是独一无二的,哈佛大学的泽伊内普.托恩说道,他写了一个关于连锁的个案研究。

  Its 63,500 employees are on permanent contracts with bonuses, work regular hours and receive 20 times more training than the staff of an average American retailer.

  它有63,500名员工都是终身签约包括奖金,按规律时间上班并接受培训,而培训次数可比一般的美国零售商的员工接受的培训要多20次。

  This makes them more productive: sales per Mercadona employee were 18% higher in 2008 than at other Spanish supermarkets. Staff turnover is only 4%.

  这使得他们生产效率更高:2008年,平均每个梅尔卡多纳员工的销售额比西班牙其他超市的销售额高出18%。而员工流动率一年仅有4%。

  Employees constantly gather feedback from shoppers, whom they refer to, accuratelyenough, as bosses.

  员工们经常会收集购物者的反馈,而他们,准确的说,是指老板们。

  Shops are designed to make shopping quick and easy.

  商店就被设计成让人们更快更便捷地购物。

  The selection is smaller than in other supermarkets, especially after Mercadona took theunpopular decision of eliminating 1,000 products from the shelves in 2009.

  梅尔卡多纳的选择区比其他超市的要小,特别是2009年以后,因为梅尔卡多纳把1000种不受欢迎的产品下架了。

  Own-label items such as Deliplus a line of cosmetics account for 38 % of sales.

  像Deliplus化妆品牌系列这样的自定商标货物占销售额的38%。

  Mercadona products were ranked number one, in terms of value for money, in a recent survey of 5,200 households by TNS, a market researcher.

  特恩斯的一名市场调查员对5200户家庭进行调查,在最近的一次调查中,梅尔卡多纳的产品根据经济价值位列第一。

  There is still plenty of room to grow at home.

  但是这个超市依然有很多发展空间。

  Mercadona accounts for 13.1 % of the floor space in Spanish supermarkets, which makes it the third-largest chain in the country, after France's Carrefour and the co-operative Eroski.

  梅尔卡多纳占西班牙超市面积达13.1%,它达到了全国大型连锁的第三名,仅次于法国家乐福和联合以罗斯基。

  It aims to enter the Italian or French market next year, probably through a small acquisition.

  明年,梅尔卡多纳计划进驻意大利或者法国市场,很可能通过小型收购这个渠道。

  Mr Roig doubts that the Mercadona model can simply be copied abroad. We must learn everything from everyone, he says.

  罗伊先生对梅尔卡多纳经营模式在国外市场的简单套用表示不确定。我们必须从每个人身上学习所有的东西,他这样说道。

  Unlike most Spanish bosses, Mr Roig doesn't mince his words.

  与西班牙大多数的老板不同,罗伊先生不会装腔作势。

  Earlier this year he said the only good thing about 2011 for Spain was that it would be better than 2012.

  今年年初,他谈及有关2011年对西班牙有好处的唯一一点是,会比2012更好。

  It will be worse if the Spanish people do not take up the challenge of transforming Spain, he says, by which he means bringing its colossal welfare state under control.

  如果西班牙人民不去挑战改变西班牙,那么情况会变的更糟,他说道,而他的意思是把它的臃肿的福利体系带入正轨。

  Mr Roig believes that Spain has great human capital.

  罗伊先生相信西班牙有极好的人力资源。

  That is true, but Spain's youth unemployment rate-a staggering 45%-suggests that much of this talent is being squandered.

  确实如此,但是西班牙的青年不在业率达令人惊讶的45%,这表明大部分的资源都被浪费了。

  The protesters in the plazas complain that Spain's politicians have lost touch with how ordinary people live.

  广场抗议的人群控诉说,西班牙政府和普通人的生活有所隔膜。

  That is not a mistake a supermarket can afford to make.

  而这个失误则不是超市可以解决的。


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  交通拥堵是世界各国普遍面临的问题。近年来,我国城市化水平空前加快,大中城市交通拥堵问题尤其突出,交通阻塞已由局部向大范围蔓延。这不仅影响了城市生活的效率和质量,而且带来了环境污染、能源紧张等一系列经济社会问题,严重制约了城市的发展。要想解决这一问题,良好的公共交通是必不可少的。实行低票价政策,是实现公交优先的基本保证。从长远来看,则要大力发展轨道交通(rail transportation),降低路面拥堵。

  参考翻译

  Traffic jam has been a problem shared by all countries around the world.In recent years,the urbanization of China reaches an unprecedented level,which leads to especially prominent traffic jam in large and medium-sized cities.The problem of traffic jam has extended from part to a wide range.Traffic jam not only affects the efficiency and quality of uiban life,but also causes a series of economic and social problems like environmental pollution and energy deficiency,which greatly restricts the development of cities.To solve the problem,well-organized public transportation is indispensable.Low ticket price is the basic guarantee of priority of public transportation.In the long term,we must vigorously develop rail transportation to lessen traffic jam.

  翻译讲解

  1.世界各国普遍面临的问题:译为a problem shared by all countries around the world.“普遍面临的”在此处译为shared by,即“为…所共有的”,也可以用commonly faced by表达。

  2.尤其突出:可译为especially prominent或particularly prominent.其中prominent意为“突出的,显著的”。

  3.由局部向大范围蔓延:可译为has extended from part to a wide range.

  4.必不可少:可译为indispensable或necessary,意为“必要的,必然的”。

  5.公交优先:可译为priority of public transportation.

  6.从长远来看:可译为in the long term,也可译为in the long run或over the long range.


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  中国的官方语言普通话在美国的学校中突然热起来。由于中国经济在21世纪的快速发展,美国的公立和私立学校纷纷在外语课程中加入汉语这一科目,或将已有的汉语教学项目进行扩展。据统计,在美国的学校中,有5万名孩子在学习汉语。但推动汉语项目的发展不是没有遇到困难。由于缺乏受过专业训练、持有证书的教师,一些学校很难加入汉语教学的竞争。当学校聘用教师时,它们通常直接从中国招聘,这种方式为文化冲突埋下了隐患。

  【翻译词汇】

  官方语言 official language

  普通话 Mandarin

  快速的 rapid

  课程 curriculum (pl.curricula)

  已有的 in place

  缺乏 shortage

  受过专业训练 professionally trained

  证书 certificate

  招聘 recruit

  文化冲突 culture clash

  【精彩译文】

  Mandarin, the official language of China, is suddenly hot in American schools. With the rapid development of China’s economy in the 21th century, both public and private schools in America are scrambling to add Mandarin to their curricula of foreign languages or expandingChinese language programs already in place. By some estimates, as many as 50 000 children nationwide are taking Mandarinin American schools. To develop Chinese-language programs has met some difficulties. A shortage of professionally trained teachers with certificates has madeit difficult for some schools to join the competition. When schools need to employ teachers, they often recruit them fromChina directly, which is a hidden trouble for culture clash.


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。
  翻译原文:
  杭州是浙江省的省会城市的政治、经济和文化中心。杭州历史悠久,是中国著名的七大古都之一。杭州也是著名的旅游城市,被誉为人间天堂(paradise),意大利旅行家马可?波罗(Macro Polo)曾称赞它为“世界上最美丽华贵之城”。位于市中心的西湖景区以其秀丽的湖光山色和众多的历史遗迹闻名中外。杭州特产众多,其中以丝绸和茶叶最受欢迎。
  1.第1句“杭州是......,是......”如依照原文采用并列结构表达为Hangzhou is the capital city of Zhejiang Province,and is...,则稍显平淡,不如将“是浙江省得省会城市”处理成“杭州”的同位语来得简洁和有层次感,译为Hangzhou,the capital city of Zhejiang Province, is...定语“政治、经济和文化”可用介词短语 of politics, economy and culture来表达。
  2.第2句“杭州历史悠久,是中国著名的……之一”可用并列结构译为Hangzhouhas a long history and isone of...,但结构较松散,不如将前半句处理为状语,用介词短语With a long history来表达,使译文更有 逻辑性、结构更紧凑。
  3.第4句中的“位于市中心的”可处理为地点状语,用分词短语locatedin the center of the city来译出。“以其秀丽的湖光山色和众多的历史遗迹闻名中外”可套用be world-famous for...(以......闻名世界)的结构来表达。“众多的”可用many或numerous来表达。
  4.最后一句的主干为“杭州特产众多”,可将其作为主句,其中“特产众多”意即“有众多特产”,因此翻译为Hangzhou boasts numerous special local products。而“其中以丝绸和茶叶最受欢迎”为补充说明“特产 众多”的内容,可用among which引导的非限制性定语从句来表达,译作among which and tea are themost popular。
  参考译文:
  Hangzhou, the capital city of Zhejiang Province, is the provincial center of politics, economy and culture. With a long history, Hangzhou is one of the famous seven ancient capitals in China. It is also a well-known tourist city hailed as "the paradise on earth". Italian traveler Macro Polo once admired Hangzhou as "the most splendid and luxury city in the world". Located in the center of the city, the West Lake scenic spot is world-famous for its beautiful lakes and mountains and many historical relics. Hangzhou boasts numerous special local products, among which silk and tea are the most popular.

msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。
  翻译原文:
  丽江古城位于云南省西北部,是纳西族聚居的地方。它建于宋代(the Song Dynasty),距今已有800年的历史,其原貌得以保存完整。自古以来,古城就是远近闻名的集市。它是中国历史文化名城中唯一没有城墙的古城。古城里的建筑深受纳西、白、藏(Tibetan)、汉四个民族建筑艺术的影响,充满了浓厚的中华文化气息。1997年,丽江被列入世界文化遗产名录(World Heritage Sites)。
  1.第1句“面江古城位于……,是……的地方”可用并列结构译为the ancient town of Lijiang is located in... and ishome to...,但这样处理稍显生硬,不如将前半句处理成地点状语,用过去分词短语located in...来表达,主句为theancient town of Lijiang is home to...,译文主次分明、结构紧凑。
  2.第2句中有3个动词“建于”、“距今有”和“得以保存”,可按原文结构译出:it was built in... and has ahistory of.., and its original look has been kept intact。但仔细分析可发现,第1、2分句关系较紧密,可以用介词in将这两个分句连接起来,译作It was built 800 years ago in the Song Dynasty。第3个分句用并列结构and its original look...来表达。
  3.第4句中的“中国历史文化名城中”是地点状语,翻译“在……中唯一……”这种句式时,一般会把状语“在 ……中”放于句首,表达为Among..., it is the only...。定语“没有城墙的”后置,可用定语从句which has nowalls来表达,亦可用介词短语without walls来表达,但都不如译文中增译built—词好,增译built更能确切地表达“建城时就没有城墙”的意义。
  4.在翻译倒数第2句中的纳西、白、藏、汉四个民族”时,先译出其总括词four nationalities,再用namely或i.e.引出具体内容。
  参考译文:
  Located in the northwest of Yunnan Province, theancient town of Lijiang is home to the Naxi ethnicminority. It was built 800 years ago in the SongDynasty and its original look has been kept intact.It has been a very well-known market since theancient times. Among all the famous histories andcultural cities and towns in China, it is the only one built without walls, The architecture of Lijingis deeply influenced by the arts of building of four nationalities, namely Naxi, Tibetan, and Han,and is of rich flavor of Chinese culture. In 1997, it was listed into the World Heritage.

msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  翻译原文:

  新中国成立后,中国政府一直致力于提高女性的社会地位。经过多年的努力女性群体在社会各个领域产生了不可忽视的力量。近年来,越来越多的女性在政府部门任职,参与的国家政务活动也明显增多。据最近的一份调查数据显示,大约每3位企业中高层管理者中就有1位是女性。此外,女性在家庭决策中也扮演着越来越重要的角色。

  1.翻译第2句“……女性群体在社会各个领域产生了不可忽视的力量”时,先译出主干(females have the power),再插入其他成分。“不可忽视的”处理为后置定语,既可用定语从句that cannot be ignored,也可用不定式短语not to beignored来表达。状语“在社会各个领域”译作in every/eachfield of society,置于句末。

  2.第3句中的“越来越多的女性……任职,参与的......活动也明显增多”可用并列结构译出a growing numberof females take office... and participate in...。但不如把后半句“参与的......”处理成前半句的结果状语,用现在分词短语participating in...来表达,使译文更具有逻辑性。

  3.第4句中的“最近的一份调查数据显示”可表达为according to statistics from a recent survey,也可表达为 statistics form a recent survey showed that...。“每3位”可表达为 one in three,也可表达为one out of three,还可延伸译作one third of。

  4.最后一句中的“越来越重要的”有多种译法:more and more important; increasingly important;growingly important,状语“在家庭决策中”表达为 in the family decision-making,置于句末。

  参考译文:

  After the founding of New China, the Chinesegovernment has been devoted to improving thesocial status of females. After years of efforts,females have the power not to be ignored in everyfield of society. In recent years, a growing number offemales take office in government departments,participating in more state affairs. According to statistics from a recent survey, about one inthree of mid to high-level enterprise managers are female. In addition, females are alsoplaying an increasingly important role in the family decision-making.


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。


  翻译原文:


  太极拳(Taijiquan)是中华民族的宝贵财富,是东方文化的重要组成部分。作为中国古老的武术(maritialarts)之一。其主要功能是武术攻防、锻炼身体和修身养性(self-cultivation )。太极拳在演练时,动作柔缓,但能以突然爆发的力量将对手击退。经过几个世纪的发展,太极拳已发展为多个分支,每个分支都有自己的特点。如今,太极拳在中国乃至世界受到越来越多人欢迎。


  1.第1句可译为并列结构Taijiquan is precious wealth...and an important part...,系动词“是”(is)只需译出一个。

  2.第2句中的“其主要功能是”可直译为its main functionsare to...,但稍显生硬,宜转述为“它通常用于”(it is usuallyused for...)。“攻防”在中文里是一个词,但实际包含了两层意思,故分译为attacking and defending;同理,第3句的“柔缓”译为gentle and slow。

  3.第3句中的“太极拳在演练时”实为被动句,“太极拳”为受动者,故译作When Taijiquan is beingpractice...。“但能以突然爆发的力量......”处理为which引导的非限制性定语从句which,however, candefeat。“突然爆发的力量”可译为sudden strength或sudden force,因为sudden已包含有“突然爆发”的意思,故“爆发”一词不需再译。

  4.最后一句中的“在中国乃至世界受到越来越多人欢迎”,除译文外,还可以有多种译法,如is welcomed bymore and more people both in China and overseas;is accepted by more and more people inChina and the world as well。


  参考译文:


  Tajiquan is precious wealth of Chinese nation andan important part of the eastern culture. As one ofthe ancient martial arts in China, it is usually usedfor attacking and defending, body building and self-cultivation. When Tajiquan is being practiced, themovements are gentle and slow, which, however,can defeat the opponent with sudden strength. Through centuries of development, Taijiquanhas developed into several branches, and everyone has its features. Now Tajiquan has becomeincreasingly popular both in China and abroad.


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  翻译原文:

  算盘(abacus)是中国古代的一项伟大发明。在古代,人们用小木棍进行计算随着社会的发展,需要计算的数目越来越大,用小木棍已无法宪成计算。于是,人们发明了更为高级的计算工具一一算盘。由于算盘操作方便、简单易学,因此在中国被广泛使用。在算盘的基础上,有人发展了珠心算(mental abacus),即把算盘的形象描绘在脑海中来计算数字。

  1.第1句由3个短句构成,第1个短句译成介词短语Withthesocial development或连词as引出的从句As the societydeveloped;第2个短句可处理为主句,当中的定语“需要计算的”可译为分词短语 needed to calculate,作后置定语;第3个短句则处理成用which引导的非限制性定语从句,套用make it impossible for sb./sth. to do sth.的结构,译成which made it impossible for the rods to fulfill the task,为了避免重复,把“完成计算”转译成了“完成任务”。

  2.第4句中破折号后的内容“算盘”是前面“更为高级的计算工具”的同位语,译文处也可用破折号引出。

  3.第5句中的“由于算盘操作方便、简单易学”可套用英语常用句式It is+ a. + to do sth.,译为Since it wasconvenient to use and easy to learn。虽然中文出现了“由于......因此......”,但译为英语时不能同时出现“Since... so...”。

  4.最后一句中的“有人发展了珠心算”如果逐字对译为someonehas developed...则显晦涩,且主语“有人”无需强调,故转换主语为“珠心算”,用there came句型,表存现状态。“即把算盘的形象……”是对“珠心算”的补充说明,可用介词短语 with the image of an abacus in mind to calculate the figures 来表达。

  参考译文:

  The abacus is a great invention in ancient China. Inthe old times, people used small rods to count, Withthe social development, numbers needed tocalculate were increasingly greater, which made itimpossible for the rods to fulfill the task. Thus,people invented a more advanced calculating devicethe abacus. Since it was convenient to use and easy to learn,the abacus was widely used inChina. On the basis of the abacus, there came the mental abacus with the image of anabacus in mind to calculate the figures.


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。
  翻译原文:
  据说《茉莉花》(Jasmine Flower)是流传到海外的第一首中国民歌。许多国外学者在研究中国音乐史时都提到了《茉莉花》,不少外国人学唱中文歌时首选这首歌。2004年雅典奥运会(Athens Olympics)闭幕式上, 一位中国小姑娘唱起《茉莉花》,给所有观众留下了深刻的印象。2008年北京奥运会,《茉莉花》被选为颁奖典礼 (awarding ceremony)的音乐。这首歌带给我们美好艺术享受的同时也带给我们骄傲。
  1.第1句“据说《茉莉花》是……第一首中国民歌”可译为It issaid that Jasmine flower is the first...,但不如译文说的Jasmine Flower is said to be the first...来得简单。定语“流传到海外的”较长,故将其处理成后置定语,用表被动的过去分词短语introduced to foreign countries来表达。
  2.第2句中的“在研究中国音乐史时”为时间状语,处理成从句,英译时需增译出从句主语they,表达为whenthey study the history of Chinese music,置于主句之后。“不少外国人学唱中文歌时首选这首歌”可逐字对译为 many foreigners who would like to learn to sing Chinese songs would first choose thissong,但译文繁冗拗口。根据“汉语多用动词,英语多用名词”的表达差异,考虑将“首选这首歌”译为the firstchoice,用结构 it is the first choice for sb.译出。
  3.第3句中的“给所有现众留下了深刻的印象”可用并列结构and greatly impressed...,但不如将其处理成非限制性定语从句好,译作which greatly impressed all the audiences更能体现原文的逻辑关系。
  4.最后一句“这首歌带给我们……的同时也…”可套用句型sth brings sb. both... and...,故译为This songbrings us both great artistic enjoyment and pride。
  参考译文:
  Jasmine Flower is said to be the first Chinese folksong introduced to foreign countries. A lot ofscholars abroad have mentioned Jasmine Flowerwhen they study the history of Chinese music. It isthe first choice for many foreigners who would like tolearn to sing Chinese songs. In closing ceremony ofthe 2004 Athens Olympics, a Chinese girl sang this song, which greatly impressed all theaudiences. In 2008 Beijing Olympics, it was chosen as the music played in awarding ceremony.This song brings us both great artistic enjoyment and pride.

msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。
  翻译原文:
  景德镇,原名昌南,位于江西省境内。景德镇历史悠久,是中国历史上的四大名镇之一。景德镇因其瓷器(chinaware)的生产而闻名,据记载,其瓷器生产可以追溯到汉代(the HanDynasty)。在明代 Ming Dynasty),大量景德镇瓷器销往国外,极大地推动了景德镇陶瓷的对外贸易,扩大了中国陶瓷的影响。由于制造历史久远、瓷器产品质地精良、对外销量大,景德镇获得了“瓷都”(capical of chinaware)的称号。
  1.第1句中将“原名昌南”处理为插入语,用分词短语formerlynamed Changnan来表达,也可处理为Whose 引导的非限制性定语从句,译作whose former name was Changnan。
  2.第2句中的“景德镇历史悠久,是中国……”,将“历史悠久”处理为“with+名词短语”作状语,将后半句作主句,译作 With a long history, Jingdezhen is...,表达简洁紧凑。
  3.第4句“在明代,大量景德镇瓷器销往国外,极大地推动了……,扩大了……”较长,注意分析各个分句之间的关系:“在明代”为时间状语置于句首,“大量景德镇瓷器销往国外”为原因,作主句,“极大地推动了……, 扩大了……”为结果,将其处理为结果状语,用现在分词短语来表达,整句译作In the Ming Dynasty, lots of Jingdezhen's chinaware was exported to foreign countries, greatly promoting...and extending... 。
  4.翻译最后一句“由于制瓷历史久远、瓷器产品质地精良、对外销量大,景德镇获得了‘瓷都’的称号”时,如果逐字对译为 because of its long history of chinaware production... Jingdezhen has earned the title of...,则会由于原因状语过长而使句子显得头重脚轻。宜将原因状语后置。此处的“由于”为褒义,用thanks to 表达更确切,故译为 Jingdezhen has earned the title of..., thanks to...。
  参考译文:
  Jingdezhen, formerly named Changnan, is located inJiangxi Province. With a long history, Jingdezhen isone of the four famous towns in Chinese history.Jingdezhen is famous for its production of chinaware.It is recorded that Jingdezhen's production ofchinaware can date back to the Han Dynasty. In theMing Dynasty, lots of Jingdezhen's chinaware was exported to foreign countries, greatlypromoting the foreign trade of chinaware in Jingdezhen and extending the influence of Chinesechinaware. Jingdezhen has earned the title of "capital of chinaware", thanks to its long history ofchinaware production, the excellent quality and large amount of export of its chinaware.

msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  翻译原文:

  黄河全长约5000公里,是中国第二长河,仅次于长江(the Yangtze River)。黄河发源于青海省,流经中国青海、四川、甘肃、宁夏、陕西等9个省区,最后流入渤海。由于夹带了大量的泥沙(silt)。黄河的河水呈黄色。在中国历史上,黄河流域给中华文明带来了巨大的影响,也是中华民族最主要的发源地。因此黄河被称为“中华文明的摇篮(cradle)”和中国的“母亲河”。

  1.第1句中的“全长……公里”可表达为is... kilometers long,也可表达为has a length of..., kilometers。“第二长河”,在数量、规模等方面要表达“第几长”、“第几大”时应该是序数词加上形容词的最高级,故这里译为the second longestriver。“仅次于”可以表达为only second to或second to,如“他举世无双”,译为 He is second to none。

  2.翻译第2句“黄河发源于……,流经……,最后流入……,可沿用原文的结构,译作The Yellow River has itsorigin in...,flows through..., and finally pours itself into...,但此种译法稍显生硬、平淡。可将 “黄河发源于…”处理为状语,用介词短语With its origin in...表达,使译文主次分明。“青海、四川、甘肃、宁夏、陕西等9个省区”翻译时可以先译中心词“9个省区”,具体的省区名称可以用such as引出,作为进一步说明。“流经”、“流入渤海”,这里的“流”可译为flow,但为了避免用词重复、译文表达丰富,“流人渤海”可更换表达为 enter the sea,reach the sea 或 pours itself into the sea。

  3.第3句中的原因状语“由于夹带了大量的泥沙”表达为because it carries a lot of silt。“呈黄色”表达为inyellow 或 in the color of yellow,介词 in 表示“处于某种状态”。

  4.第4句中的“黄河流域给中华文明带来……”可直译为the Yellow River basin brings significant influenceto...”但这样处理不如将名词短语“巨大的影响”转译为动词短语来得简单明了,表达为the Yellow River basininfluences... significantly。

  参考译文:

  The Yellow River is about 5,000 kilometers long. It isthe second longest river in China, only second to theYangtze River. With its origin in Qinghai Province, theYellow River flows through nine provinces of Chinasuch as Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, andShanxi, and finally pours itself into the Bohai Sea.Because it carries a lot of silt, the water of the River is in yellow. In Chinese history, the YellowRiver basin influences Chinese civilization significantly and is also the major birthplace of Chinesenation. Therefore, the Yellow River is called "the Cradle of Chinese Civilization" and "MotherRiver" of China.


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  翻译原文:

  孙武是春秋末期(the late Spring and Autumn Period)杰出的军事家(strategist)。他所著的《孙子兵法》 (Sun Zi's Art of War)是中国古代最著名的兵书,也是世界上现存最早的兵书。《孙子兵法》现存13篇,共 6000字。在这不长的篇幅中,孙武全面论述了自己对战争的看法,提出了诸如知彼知己、集中优势兵力打败敌人等许多作战思想。《孙子兵法》已被译为多种文字,在世界上也享有很高的声誉。

  1.在第2句中,两个并列的谓语部分较长,因此定语“他所著的”不宜再后置,而采用“减词”译法把“所著”省略,用hiswork也能表达原意。翻译“是……,也是……”结构时,可以承前省略第2个系动词be,将 “也是......”的内容作为同位语,使句子更简洁明了。
  2.第2句中的“世界上现存最早的兵书”用了两个定语“世界上现存的”和“最早的”,英语表达中习惯将表动作的定语后置,故将“世界上现存的”表达为existing in the world作后置定语。
  3.第3句中的“《孙子兵法》现存13篇,共6000字”这个句子中,如果逐字对译“现存13篇”为exist 13chapters,用英文语义不通,而应意译为consists of 13 chapters。同时用现在分词短语amounting to6,000 Chinese characters作伴随状语来补充说明,表达更为紧凑。
  4.最后一句中的“在世界上享有很高的声誉”中的状语“在世界上”可转换成形容词international,使行文更流畅。“享有”译为enjoy表现出了英语的韵味。

  参考译文:

  Sun Wu was an outstanding strategist in the lateSpring and Autumn Period. His work, Sun Zi's Art ofWar, was the most famous work of military sciencein ancient China, also the earliest one existing in theworld. Sun Zi's Art of War consists of 13 characters.In this limited space, Sun Wu elaborated his wide-ranging views on war. He put forward many military philosophies, such as knowing yourself andknowing your enemy, and concentrating superior force to thoroughly defeat the enemy. SunZi's Art of War has been translated into many different languages and enjoys a highinternational reputation.

msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。

  翻译原文:

  随着城市化(urbanization)进程的加快,越来越多的农民工(migrant worker)在城市里安顿下来。他们把子女接到城里来,希望孩子能接受到更好的教育。然而,这些农民工发现现实并不像他们预期的那么美好。城市公立学校的设施和师资远远不能满足大批农民工子女的需求。幸运的是,农民工子女的教育已成为政府议事日程上优先处理的问题。

  1.第1句中的伴随状语“随着城市化进程的加快”可用介词短语with the acceleration of urbanization来表达,汉语中表范畴的“进程”可省略不译。

  2.在第2句中,“希望孩子……”可处理成状语表伴随动作,译为hoping that...,也可用介词短语with the hopeof/that...。“他们能接受更好的教育”可译为句子their children can receive better education,但不如用独立主语结构 their children receiving better education 来得地道。

  3.翻译第3句“这些农民工发现……不……那么美好”时要注意时态。本句叙述一般的客观情况,故主句的谓语“发现”用一般现在时;“预期”表过去的动作,可用过去时或现在完成时。而“现实不那么美好”是现在的状态,用现在时,译作the reality is not...。

  4.第4句中的“满足......的需求”用短语meet the needs来表达,定语“大批农民工子女的”较长,处理成后置定语,用介词of引出,表所属,译作of the big group of migrant children。

  参考译文:

  With the acceleration of urbanization, an increasingnumber of migrant workers settle down in the cities.They bring their children along with them to thecities, with the hope of their children receiving bettereducation. However, the migrants find the reality isnot as promising as they've expected. The facilitiesand faculties in the urban public schools are far from enough to meet the needs of the biggroup of migrant children. Luckily, the education problem of the migrant children has become apriority on the government's agenda.


msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。
  翻译原文:
  凡到过杭州的游客,肯定都在“白堤”(Bai Causeway)和“苏堤”(Su Causeway)这两条著名的长堤上面走过。 据说,是曾在杭州担任地方官(local official)的中国古代著名诗人白居易和苏东坡分别主持修筑了这两道 长堤。事实上,我们今天所见到的“苏堤”不完全是由苏东坡所建,而“白堤”则跟白居易没有关系。然而,人们为了表示对这两位地方官的敬意,还是用他们的名字为这两道堤岸命名。
  1.在第1句中,游客的定语“凡到过杭州的”可简单表达为toHangzhou;“肯定都”宜用表肯定猜测的must have done结构来表达;“白堤”和“苏堤”实质就是“这两条著名的长堤”,故翻译时可将“白堤”和“苏堤”处理成“这两条著名的长堤”的同位语,译作the two famous causeways, Bai Causewayand Su Causeway。
  2.第2句是一个长句,从意义上分析,该句传达了两点信息:其一,白居易和苏东坡曾在杭州担任地方官;其二,这两个人分别主持修筑了这两道长堤。翻译时可考虑把这个长句拆译成两个独立的句子。其中,“中国古代著名诗人白居易和苏东坡”较长,可将“中国古代著名诗人”处理成“白居易和苏东坡”的同位语表达为 Bai Juyiand Su Dongpo, the two famous Chinese ancient poets 0
  3.第3句分别介绍“苏堤”和“白堤”跟苏东坡和白居易的真实关系,可处理成由while连接的表对比的两个分 句,其中“苏堤”的定语“我们今天所见到的”较长,为符合英语的表达习惯,可将其处理成定语从句,译作we seetoday,置于中心词“苏堤”之后。
  4.最后一句中的“为了表示对这两位地方官的敬意”表目的,可将其处理成目的状语,用不定式短语to expressrespects for...来表达。
  参考译文:
  The tourists to Hangzhou must have walked alongthe two famous causeways, Bai Causeway and SuCauseway. It is said that Bai Juyi and Su Dongpo,the two famous Chinese ancient poets, had been thelocal officials in Hangzhou. They had taken change ofconstructing these two causeways respectively. Infact, the Su Causeway we see today is not completely built by Su Dongpo, while Bai Causewayhas nothing to do with Bai Juyi. However, people named these two causeways after these twolocal officials to express respects for them.

msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。
  翻译原文:
  甲骨文(oracle bone script)是中国现存最早的文宇。这些刻在龟甲(tortoise shell)或兽骨上的文字已相当成熟。没认识甲骨文之前,人们都把这些甲骨当作药材。清代(the QingDynasty)学者王懿荣偶然发现了这些龟甲和兽骨。在仔细研究之后,他认为这些刻在甲骨上的符号是3000多年前商代(the Shang Dynasty)的文字。从这些文字中可以大致了解商代统治者的日常生活情况。甲骨文为研究汉字起源提供了重要的资料。
  1.第1句中的“现存最早的文字”是两个形容词修饰一个中心词,其中一个为最高级。在英语中,当比较级和最高级形容词与其他形容词连用时,比较级和最高级形容词放在其他形容词之前。故此处译为the earliest existing characters。
  2.在第2句中,定语“刻在龟甲或兽骨上的”较长,可将其处理成后置定语,用过去分词短语carve on tortoise shells or animal bones 来表达,表被动。
  3.倒数第2句“从这些文宇……”为无主语句,在翻译时需补充其主语,此处应增译“人们”,表达为From these characters, people can...。
  4.在翻译最后一句的“为研究汉字起源提供了重要的资料”时,可以用provide... for...(为……提供……)来表达,译作 provide important materials for research into the origin of Chinese characters,也可译作provide important materials for researching on the origin...。
  参考译文:
  The oracle bone script is the earliest existingcharacters in China. These characters carved ontortoise shells or animal bones are quite mature.Before recognizing the oracle bone script, peopleregarded the shells and bones as medical materials.Accidentally, a scholar of the Qing Dynasty, WangYirong, discovered these tortoise shells and animal bones. After careful study, he believed thatthese signs were the characters of the Shang Dynasty more than 3,000 years ago. From thesecharacters, people can roughly understand the daily life of the rulers at that time. The oraclebone script provides important materials for research into the origin of Chinese characters.

msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  英语六级考试越来越近,明仕亚洲资料网为大家整理了“英语六级翻译预测”,希望能在六级考试最后的冲刺阶段,助考生一臂之力。
  翻译原文:
  如今大学的生活方式正在发生着变化。越来越多的学生课余时间足不出户,变成了宅男宅女(indoorsman orindoorswoman)。网络为学生打发课余时间提供了许多选择。各种校园快捷服务(On-campus service), 从送餐到洗衣服务,促进了“宅文化”的发展。一些学生认为户外运动或是社交活动都不如宅在宿舍里玩电脑来得痛快:生活不规律、缺乏锻炼已经成为大学生的健康公敌。
  1.第1句可译为 Now college students' lifestyles are changing,但大学既有 college 也有 university,若把主语转换为colleges and universities,采用“主语(时间、地点)+see sth.”的句型来表达则会更为准确故本句也可译作 Now colleges and universities are seeing a change...。
  2.第3句中的“为学生打发课余时间提供了许多选择”可套用offer sb. sth(为某人提供某物)结构。“打发课余时间”可处理成表目的的状语,译为to kill the spare time。
  3.第4句中的“从送餐到洗衣服务”是对“校园快捷服务”的补充说明,可译为from,food delivery to laundry services,作插入语。“宅文化”为专有名词,宅的字面义是“待在家里”,但本文讲的是大学生,故此处应指“待 在宿舍里”,故“宅文化”可意译为the culture of staying in dormitories。“促进了‘宅文化’的发展”既可译 为have promoted the culture of...;也可译为 are fuelling the culture of...,简单生动。fuel在此处取的是比喻义。
  4.倒数第2句中的“不如……来得痛快”是中文特有的表达,不可直译,可用be not better than来表达,或按其字面义译为 gain more pleasure front... than...。
  参考译文:
  Now colleges and universities are seeing a change in the students, lifestyle. More and more college students prefer to stay in the dormitory in their leisure time and become indoorsmen or indoorswomen The Internet offers students many options to kill the spare time. Various on-campus services, from food delivery to laundry services, are fuelling the culture of staying in dormitories. Some students argue that outdoor sports or social activities are no better than staying in the dormitory and playing on a computer. Irregular life and lack of physical exercise have become the health enemy of college students.

msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

  汉译英试题训练
  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:
  思乡(homesickness)是中国人的一个永恒的话题。从古至今,无论男女,家是他们永久的港湾,思乡是他们不老的情结(complex)。正是这样的情结成为中国历代文人重要的创作题材,并以各种方式,从各种角度加以体现。是故乡,唤起了他们心灵深处最美好的回忆,在对故乡的思念中,他们又仿佛回到了那单纯无邪的童年时代,回到了母亲的怀抱,身心的创伤得到了暂时的平复,精神的空虚得到了刹那的充实,故乡成了他们终极的归宿地(ultimate destination)。
  翻译及详解
  Homesickness is an eternal topic for Chinese people.Since ancient times, home has been a permanent harbor for both men and women, and homesickness is their ever-young complex.It is such kind of complex that becomes the important theme of Chinese literati in all dynasties; they expressed this theme in various ways and form various angles.It is home that arouses the best memories in their hearts.Thanks to those memories, they feel like going back to the pure and innocent childhood and returning to mothers arms.The wounds in body and mind will get healed temporarily and spiritual emptiness will be enriched for a while.Home has become their ultimate destination.
  翻译讲解
  1.思乡:可译为homesickness,其形容词形式为homesick。
  2.不老的情结:可译为ever-young complex,其中“不老的”译为ever-young,意为 “永远年轻的”。
  3.以各种方式,从各种角度加以体现:译文以人作主语,把句式从被动变为主动,并用分号将两个分句连在一起。文中翻译为the they expressed this theme in various ways and from various angles。
  4.是故乡,唤起了…:此处可用It is...that...的强调句形式。“唤起”译为arouse或bring out。
  5.回到了…回到了…:可分别译为go back to和return to,以避免重复,从而体现用词的多样性。
  6.身心的创伤得到了暂时的平复:可译为The wounds in body and mind will get healed temporarily。其中“身心的创伤”译为 the wounds in body and mind, “得到平复”译为get healed。

msyz577明仕亚洲娱乐

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